A 15th century gold pendant that lain buried beneath Hertfordshire
farmland since the time of Henry VIII until it was discovered by an
amateur metal detector is to be offered for sale at Sotheby’s Old Master
Sculpture and Works of Art auction in London on Thursday 9 July 2009.
The remarkable gold object that depicts the Holy Trinity of God the
Father, Son and Holy Spirit is no bigger than a postage stamp and caries
an estimate of £150,000 – 250,000. The engraving is of superb quality
and is comparable to mounts in two major international museums – the
Victoria and Albert in London and The Cloisters in New York. It was
discovered by an amateur metal detector just a few inches underground
whilst walking in fields near her home. The detecting enthusiast had no
idea of the value and importance of the piece when it was first

Around 550BCE engraved gemstones were imported from Greece.

Works Edit

  In the weeks and months that followed Mr Hirst’s sale, spending of
any sort became deeply unfashionable, especially in New York, where the
bail-out of the banks coincided with the loss of thousands of jobs and
the financial demise of many art-buying investors. In the art world that
meant collectors stayed away from galleries and salerooms. Sales of
contemporary art fell by two-thirds, and in the most overheated
sector—for Chinese contemporary art—they were down by nearly 90% in the
year to November 2008. Within weeks the world’s two biggest auction
houses, Sotheby’s and Christie’s, had to pay out nearly $200m in
guarantees to clients who had placed works for sale with them.

www.55579.com 1


The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria, 1906

    Directions: There are five passages in this part. Each passage is
followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them
there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and
mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET



During his tenure at the Egyptian and Assyrian Department, British
Museum, he gave assistance to scholars including Abraham Sachs and
taught at London University. It was largely due to his “painstaking
work” during his time as assistant keeper at the British Museum between
1895 and 1900, that many pieces acquired by the museum were joined
together again.[2] He also translated some Babylonian tablets which
related to the Battle of the Vale of Siddim and was one of the editors
of The Babylonian and Oriental Record from 1886.[3]www.55579.com, In 1890, Pinches
discovered and published the correct reading of the name of Gilgamesh,
instead of Izdubar.[4]

    C. co-happened         D. aggravated

15th century gold pendant


Texts in the Babylonian wedge-writing, 1880

2 3



Theophilus Goldridge Pinches (1910). An outline of Assyrian grammar:
with a short sign-list, a list of late Babylonian forms of characters,
and autographic reproductions of texts. H.J. Glaisher. p. 64. Retrieved

  A. auction houses ‘ favorites

 Discussing the mount, Carolyn Miner, a Specialist in Sotheby’s
Sculpture and Works of Art Department, said: “Finds such as this are
extremely rare. It is remarkable that a gold pendant has survived intact
and in such wonderful condition since the second half of the 15th
century. The craftsmanship is staggeringly ornate for such a small piece
and traces of the original enamel can even be seen in some of the
grooves. I am absolutely thrilled for the lucky metal detector who has
uncovered a piece of history.”

A gold-working technique known as granulation was developed, whereby
tiny grains of gold were soldered on to a smooth background to create a
glittering effect.

Theophilus Goldridge Pinches M.R.A.S. (1856 – 6 June 1934 Muswell Hill,
London), was a pioneer British assyriologist.

   The world art market had already been losing momentum for a while
after rising bewilderingly since 2003. At its peak in 2007 it was worth
some $65 billion, reckons Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a
research firm—double the figure five years earlier. Since then it may
have come down to $50 billion. But the market generates interest far
beyond its size because it brings together great wealth, enormous egos,
greed, passion and controversy in a way matched by few other industries.

差非常少公元前550年,被雕刻过的宝石都从希腊共和国(Ελληνική Δημοκρατία)入口。

Pinches was originally employed in father’s business as a die-sinker,
but, following an amateur interest in cuneiform inscriptions, joined the
staff of the British Museum in 1878, working there as assistant then
curator till retirement in 1900. He was lecturer in Assyriology at
University College London and in the University of Liverpool till 1932
or 1933, and died in 1934.[1]

  C. Art Market in Decline


The Old Testament in the Light of the Historical Records and Legends of
Assyria and Babylonia, 1908

  31.In the first paragraph, Damien Hirst’s sale was referred to as “a
last victory” because ____.


    A. coined              B. earned

The origin of the Etruscans is uncertain but they are thought to have
come from Asia Minor.

  The current downturn in the art market is the worst since the
Japanese stopped buying Impressionists at the end of 1989, a move that
started the most serious contraction in the market since the Second
World War. This time experts reckon that prices are about 40% down on
their peak on average, though some have been far more fluctuant. But
Edward Dolman, Christie’s chief executive, says: “I’m pretty confident
we’re at the bottom.”

Before the rise of Roman civilization a people known as the Etruscans
flourished in Etruria, an are of Italy corresponding broadly to modern

  B. contemporary trends


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